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CacciaAllaPlastica
Translated with Google
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PLASTIC HUNTING first edition
Team competition for the collection of beached plastics
A day dedicated to the sea between awareness and fun

PRESENTATION

Plastic hunting is not a simple cleaning of the beach, it is a real awareness day to be faced with a spirit of initiative and fun.

It is a game with prizes, in teams, which also serves for scientific purposes (data collection) and for fun.

In fact, after a massive cleaning of the affected area (the team that collects the most rubbish wins!) And a fresh lunch break (offered), the challenge will continue with other activities related to the sea (canoe race, swimming competition, quiz) for decree the winning team!

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The day chosen is Tuesday 27 August 2019 , and will last all day, from 9:30 am to 6 pm. The data collected in the morning will be analyzed and stored. The idea is in fact to repeat the event every year, so that the data collected can be compared year after year and a great attention to the plastic theme is strengthened in the place.

THE ORGANIZERS

dueThe idea of plastic hunting was born from the meeting between two young activists: Riccardo Colnago (20 years) and Sofia Bonicalza (21 years). RICCARDO is a graphic designer with a passion for the sea, particularly fond of the archipelago of Maddalena which he frequents every year since childhood. Moved by the desire to save our sea from the threat of plastic, he created on the social PlasticMission, a real mission to clean up beaches and seas. This campaign has led him to organize several beach cleanings, which have been very successful especially among young people, who are increasingly attentive to environmental problems. This event is therefore one of the "missions" against plastic.

tre SOFIA is a youth athletics champion, as well as a biology student for organisms and ecosystems at the University of Nice. Her love for nature has led her to collaborate with some international foundations (Parley and Medsea) with which she organizes awareness-raising events for children and university students, and some cleaning of beaches involving locals and tourists. Thanks to the collaboration of these associations, the initiative is part of the #PlasticFreeMed promoted and coordinated by MEDSEA and Parley throughout the Mediterranean.

PLAN

Tuesday 27th August / Location La Conigliera
Team plastic collection competition

Teams: Min 3 people, Max 5 Registration: before the event, to declare the name of the team and the names of the participants via the portal website www.weblue.org.
  • 9:00 am meeting - filling in the forms, explanation of the regulation and delivery of material (gloves and bags)
  • 10:00 race start - kick-off whistle, where the 2-hour clock will start
  • 12:00 end of the race - delivery of the "booty" and start of the lunch break
  • 12:00 - 14:00 lunch break - Delivery of water and rolls and weighing of the "booty" by the staff
  • 14:00 canoe race - two canoeists for each team
  • 15:00 swimming competition - two swimmers for each team
  • 16:00 quiz - 10 questions for each team
  • 17:00 awards - Delivery of prizes and greetings


The hunt for plastic

Each team will receive the bags and gloves for collection, and it will be their task to differentiate any waste collected.

mappa At 10:00 am (approximately) the two-hour time trial will be switched on, in which the different teams will be able to move around the entire Conigliera area (beaches, rocks and paths). At the end of the time limit the teams will have to return to the meeting point and deliver all the waste to the staff.

Score mode
400 Points per Kg: Plastic
300 Points per Hg: Micro plastic
400 Points per Hg: Cigarettes
100 Points per Kg: Glass
200 Points per Kg: Bulky

Penalties
-10 Points every minute of delay when time runs out
-100 Points per Hg unsuitable material in the bag




The canoe race

canoa

  • Double canoe
  • 2 canoeists chosen by the team
  • Timed race from buoy to buoy
  • Time ranking
Scoring:
Only the top 10 teams are rewarded
200 Points: first place
180 Points: second place
160 Points: third place
140 Points: fourth place
120 Points: fifth place
100 Points: sixth place
80 Points: ranked seventh
60 Points: ranked eighth
40 Points: ranked ninth
20 Points: ranked tenth




The swimming competition

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  • 2 swimmers chosen by the team
  • Timed race from buoy to buoy with relay
  • Time ranking
Scoring:
Only the top 10 teams are rewarded
200 Points: first place
180 Points: second place
160 Points: third place
140 Points: fourth place
120 Points: fifth place
100 Points: sixth place
80 Points: ranked seventh
60 Points: ranked eighth
40 Points: ranked ninth
20 Points: ranked tenth




The quiz competition

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  • 10 Questions per team
  • Quadruple answer questions concerning the environmental theme and the archipelago of La Maddalena
Scoring:
20 Points for each correct answer
-10 points for each incorrect answer
0 points for each unanswered question

Maximum Score 200 Points


THE PRICES

To declare the winning team the points of the morning waste collection will be added to those of the afternoon challenges. All teams will be rewarded with gadgets and vouchers.

The teams that will go on the podium will receive three fantastic unforgettable prizes to be used during the holiday period in the most beautiful archipelago in the world.

The team that collects the most bizarre rejection will also be awarded.

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TRAIN ON THE QUIZZES

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2
3
4
medal
The Sea
[200•• 44"]

The surface of our planet is covered by 80% water and only 20% by land. So it would be more appropriate to call the Earth planet Water .

Such a large surface inevitably has a significant role in what we call life and which characterizes our beloved planet . Very probably life itself was born in water , about 4 billion years ago, and only after it arrived on land, where it diversified more and more . The oceans and seas are still today a great reserve of biodiversity, still very unexplored by human beings .

The submarine world is an incredible, magical and fascinating world that has never ceased to intrigue the human being since the beginning of its history . And in the globalized and oppressed society human, that is the current one, the sea continues to constitute one of our greatest resources .

Suffice it to say that thanks to phytoplankton the sea produces more than half of the oxygen we breathe , that the Gulf current allows us to have a temperate climate in Europe, that fish resources are food for millions of people in the world .

Yet, although the sea is essential for us, today we heavily threaten its integrity with climate change, intensive fishing, plastic pollution , wild coastal urbanization , unsustainable tourism, accidental capture of non-fishing species, pollution by other toxic substances .

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 time 

Of all the water available on Earth, how much salt water?

95,6%
56,2%
30,4%

What is Spongebob, a well-known cartoon character?

A marine sponge
A synthetic sponge for washing dishes falling into the sea
A cellulose vegetable sponge

Why is it important to protect the sea and the oceans?

Because if the sea dies, we all die
Because otherwise we will no longer be able to use it to discharge our waste
Because the sea produces the CO2 that plants need to make photosynthesis

What percentage of fish capital concerns the so-called overfishing

About 75%
About 30%
Only 0.03%
find out more with the QUIZ
The responses commented
  • Of all the water available on Earth, how much salt water?
    95,6%
    in fact most of the planet's water is salty, only 3% is that of glaciers and only 1% includes water from lakes, rivers, aquifers, and that dispersed in the atmosphere and in the biosphere.
  • What is Spongebob, a well-known cartoon character?
    A marine sponge
    of the Phylum of Porifera animals: the television series was created by a marine biologist and the characters are anthropized marine animals. Porifera are an animal phylum characterized precisely by pores, thanks to which they filter water to obtain nourishment (unfortunately they often filter microplastic and die).
  • Why is it important to protect the sea and the oceans?
    Because if the sea dies, we all die

    this is also the slogan with which the Sea Shepherd Captain Paul Watson carries out his campaign to protect the sea. The reasons for this are in the text above.
  • What percentage of fish capital concerns the so-called overfishing
    About 75%
    unfortunately, according to some studies of 2010, the overfishing (ie the depletion of fish resources caused by excessive and non-rational fishing activity) concerns 2/3 of the fish capital. Overfishing is the depletion of fish resources caused by excessive and non-rational fishing activities (source: Wikipedia).
The Plastic
[200•• 44"]

Plastic is an innovative material, completely artificial, born at the beginning of the last century . The success is due to some of its undeniable characteristics: lightness, transparency, resistance ... above all resistance !

In fact it is a non-biodegradable material (but photodegradable), it means that it never biodegrades! All the plastic created from the beginning still exists. And where all this plastic ends ? It is divided into smaller and smaller pieces, the micro and nano plastic , which become part of the food chain of all living beings, including us .

The larger pieces, due to poor waste management, often end up in the sea where they cause enormous damage to the fauna, accumulating in floating plastic islands or scattering on the seabed .

Suffice it to say that it is estimated that all seabirds have ingested plastic and more than half of the sea turtles have mistaken it for jellyfish and ingested. Not to mention the large marine mammals, like the numerous sperm whales found dead in 2019 on the Italian coasts with lots of kilograms of plastic inside .

And then there are the abandoned fishing nets , which trap live animals by killing them . Do you think that plastic was found even in the lowest point of the oceans (Marianne pit) and even in the living being smaller at the base of the food chain (phytoplankton) .

It has become a real problem for everyone marine ecosystems, and not only !

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 time 

How long does a plastic bag take to biodegrade?

Never
100 years
1000 years

Why does the plastic end up in the sea?

We put it there
It is carried by the wind
There are no more landfills

How big is the floating plastic island of the Pacific?

About 3 times France
Like Sardinia
Like a soccer field

Every year a human being ingests a quantity of plastic comparable to:

A credit card
A ping-pong table
A hair
find out more with the QUIZ
The responses commented
  • How long does a plastic bag take to biodegrade?
    Never
    plastic never biodegrades, but breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces that become invisible to the human eye (and that have even been found in table salt!)
  • Why does the plastic end up in the sea?
    We put it there
    through manholes, rivers, drains, ships, dumps on the seashore, fishing boats, we humans put tons of plastic in the sea.
  • How big is the floating plastic island of the Pacific?
    About 3 times France
    although it is difficult to measure the size of plastic islands due to the continuous change of shape, it is estimated that the Pacific island is really huge and growing!
  • Every year a human being ingests a quantity of plastic comparable to:
    A credit card
    nvoluntarily and without realizing we ingest microplastics through food and water, in a quantity comparable to a credit card per year! The effects on our health are still unknown.
Climate Change and Sea
[200•• 44"]

Climate change is a reinforcement of the natural greenhouse effect , caused by the human being through an increase in greenhouse gases other than water vapor , like CO2, (mainly from fossil fuels used as a source of energy, in air conditioning, and in transport) and methane (from intensive livestock breeding, deforestation, rice crops, etc.) .

By increasing these gases, the greenhouse effect increases disproportionately because the percentage of absorbed and re-emitted energy increases .

This causes an increase in average temperatures and another series of cascade effects , such as ocean acidification, melting glaciers and so on .

The sea and the oceans are among the ecosystems most affected by climate change, because they have a key role in the carbon cycle linked to that of water . More CO2 in the air also means more acid oceans, and this has devastating consequences for many organisms .

Among the most affected marine ecosystems we find coral reefs , which are tragically disappearing and which constitute the largest marine biodiversity reserve.

  img12  
 time 

How do we know that the increase in CO2 in the air is due to humans?

Coincides with the use of fossil fuels
We cannot know for sure but only suppose it
Because Greta Thunberg said so

If the world temperature increases by 2°C:

the situation becomes difficult
it is better because it is warmer
the world ends

Are coral reefs sensitive to climate change?

Yes, they are already disappearing
Yes but they are regenerating easily
No because they are a very stable ecosystem

Acidification of the oceans what effect does it have?

The mollusks fail to build the shell
The water becomes saltier
The fish can no longer move
find out more with the QUIZ
The responses commented
  • How do we know that the increase in CO2 in the air is due to humans?
    Coincides with the use of fossil fuels

    which do not contain "carbon 14". In fact the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere is in the absence of carbon 14, which would be present if it had other sources.

    Not just a coincidence with industrialization. We are the authors of climate change!
  • If the world temperature increases by 2°C:
    the situation becomes difficult

    The global situation would be tense and difficult: we do not know with precision the consequences that such a sudden change may have but we know that there would be major economic and social damage. We would also lose biodiversity because the rise in temperatures affects some areas more than others.

    We would end up with loose glaciers, desertified lands, lack of water resources. All this heralds an uncertain future for the new generations.
  • Are coral reefs sensitive to climate change?
    Yes, they are already disappearing
    n fact the increase of even a single degree in the system leads to the detachment of the algae that are in symbiosis with the corals and this causes the death of the corals themselves, which are the basis of the entire ecosystem.

    Furthermore acidification has as many deadly consequences on corals. To date we have already lost most of the coral reefs, of which we can continue to enjoy only through past reportage films.
  • Acidification of the oceans what effect does it have?
    The mollusks fail to build the shell
    which consists of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), very sensitive to acidity disintegrating.

    If water becomes acid these organisms will have serious difficulties in building this protection essential for their survival. The phylum of the molluscs is the richest in biodiversity of the whole ocean.
Five "R" for the environment
[200•• 44"]
Reduction, Reuse, Recycling, Collection ("Raccolta" in Italian) and Recovery. This is the so-called 5 R strategy introduced in 1995 with the Ronchi decree, a milestone of waste policy in Italy and that has guided us to manage them in a modern way even if our inefficiencies and incapacities are still too much .

Reduction is the "winning strategy" in the long term. It's about designing packaging by reducing the quantity, starting from those components of the packages which are not intended to protect the product but to push its sale . Even the culture of buying loose products, or with a reduced presence of disposable packaging, goes in this direction .

Reuse as it is of the packaging, possible only when it has the right characteristics and at the same time the user has an adequate mental and cultural attitude . Examples of reuse are the glass jars of some spreadable creams that can be used as glasses or the white side of the photocopies that allows you to write again on paper .

Recycling , that is the use of the material of which the package is made to produce the same material to be used for new packages or objects . For example, the "fleece" fabric can be obtained from common PET bottles of mineral water .

Collection ("Raccolta" in Italian) of which the first actor is the citizen if supported by the local administrations that organize door-to-door services or with road containers or with ecological islands . The more the waste is cleaned the more it is recyclable but also using detergents and consuming water are attitudes to be reduced. Surely soon we will better understand the balance point .

Recovery to be understood as energy recovery. In fact, when the packaging cannot be reused and the material cannot be recycled , can be converted into thermal and/or electric energy in waste-to-energy plants, always as an alternative to the use of the landfill.

  img14  
 time 

The paper that goes to waste is an example of:

recycling
reuse
recovery

Separate waste collection in Italy is:

increasing
decreasing
stable

Which action is to be preferred?

Reducing packaging
Recycling materials
Reusing packaging

What is the European target for recycling by 2025?

65%
55%
75%
find out more with the QUIZ
The responses commented
  • The paper that goes to waste is an example of:
    recycling
    because it will go to give new paper even if of inferior quality, for example because it will contain inks and additives of the previous workings
  • Separate waste collection in Italy is:
    increasing

    While production remained constant between 2006 and 2010, in 2017 separate collection exceeded half, reaching 55.5% of national production. ( Source ANSA citing the report of the National Environmental Protection System)
    From the site of ISTAT (data for 2017) the frequency of separate collection of urban waste varies across the territory, with very high levels in the province of Trento (74.3%), in Veneto (72.9%), Lombardy (68.1%), Friuli-Venezia Giulia (67 , 1%) and in the province of Bolzano (66.4%). In these areas also the quantity of urban waste is below the average per person.
  • Which action is to be preferred?
    Reducing packaging

    is always better, then reuse, then recycling.
  • What is the European target for recycling by 2025?
    65%
    while 70% of packaging will have to be recycled by 2030.
    By 5 July 2020 the member states will have to implement the 4 directives of the " circular economy package ", in force from 4 July 2018, whose objectives (in addition to the one already mentioned) are to reach 55% of urban waste by 2025 (then 60% by 2030 and 65% by 2035), braking at the same time the landfill disposal with a maximum of 10% by 2035.
    Household textile and hazardous waste must be collected separately by 2025.
    By 2024 biodegradable waste must be collected separately or recycled at home through composting.
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